Sacramento County History

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Sacramento 2 Sacramento County The history of Sacramento County begins in pre-Columbian Northern California when indigenous people such as the Miwok and Maidu indians inhabited the area. Exploration began early in the 16th century to the mid-18th century, but no European settlements were established. Among the first Europeans to enter the Sierras was Gabrieal Moraga. He led the first official exploration of the central coast in 1808. Many of the names Moraga gave to different regions, lakes, and rivers in the central coast remain with us today including the Sacramento River. Sacramento would eventually be applied to the capital of California and Sacramento County. The area remained uncolonized until John Sutter's…show more content…
The government of California had only just reorganized itself into county units. Sacramento was officially recognized by means of a charter in February 1850. It later petitioned the Legislature to drop the “City” from the name which was also granted. It was now finally an organized city serviced by public transportation and maintenance. By 1852 Sutter's New Helvetia was in ruins and went under due to uprisings, violence stemmed from squatter riots, and civil unrest. The same year also saw much change in Sacramento's economy from the end of the Gold Rush boom to the opening of pharmacies, law practices, brass foundries, and clothing stores. Fishing became a huge business with companies taking advantage of the Sacramento River and American River. Agriculture of wheat was also a big part of Sacramento's economy during this period and wheat products were being exported to other…show more content…
It did not last long because the first transcontinental telegraph proved to much more efficient and by 1861 Sacramento was connected to the east coast. Intense flooding at the end of 1861 through the beginning of 1862 called for the significant levee construction to prevent future disasters. Today, the system that was implemented and constructed to combat the flooding is known as the Sacramento Underground because many of the first floors that were flooded were just paved over and the second floors became the new first floors. Expansion due to the railroad arrival and refrigeration made it possible for fruit farming to prosper and become huge cash crops for export. Fruit ranchers began to come to this rich area and invest on fruit farming. Starting in 1890's many foreigners from all over the world flooded the area. These foreigners associated with the Democratic party. During the World War I about 4,000 soldiers had come from Sacramento. A hundred of those soldiers did not make it

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