Regionalism In East Asia

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How to study regionalism in Greater East Asia For a long time, East Asia’s regional institutional environment was based on comparison with the European case What is Regionalism? On the Concept of region, regionalism and regionalization “Katzenstein defines regions as having both “material and symbolic dimensions” that are traceable in “patterns of behavioral interdependence and political practice.”3 In other words, regions “reflect the power and purpose of states.”4 This emphasizes the importance of political institutionalization as an essential component of regionalism. Indeed, typical institutional responses to regionalism include arrangements like alliances, ententes, common markets, and free trade areas.” (>Katzenstein, Peter J. A World…show more content…
Mansfield and Milner called regionalism an “elusive concept,” where the debate over “exactly which areas constitute regions…remains controversial.” Geographer Anssi Paasi referred to the difficulties of defining region “ since it brings together both material and ‘virtual’ elements, as well as very diverging social practices and discourses,” while Peter J. Katzenstein, similarly maintained that regional "geographic definitions are not ‘real,’ ‘natural,’ or ‘essential’” since they are “socially constructed and politically contested and thus open to change.” In addition to regions containing several different characteristics, further confusion over the concept derives from various policy usages, and also the fact that a country may belong to several regional arrangements, some of which may overlap but do not…show more content…
Ellen Frost points to several factors in the post-Cold War period that prompted the regional integration movement in East Asia; in the field of economy, a rapid rise of production networks across the region increased the rate of interdependence; Asian Financial Crisis of 1977 set the anchor on the regional integration movement, while the rise of China and its changes to policies of reform and openness contributed a lot to quickening the pace of it; regional integration movements in other regions—such as in Europe and the Americas—also helped set the similar motion in East Asia. As Frost noted, “The momentum of Asian regionalism is real and irreversible...Although integration will remain loose and largely informal for the indefinite future, the political will to create a meaningful community of some kind now

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