2.4 PROCUREMENT STRATEGIES Procurement strategies for building projects have not changed in the last thirty two (32) years. Even though the industry is still encountering cost and time overruns in most projects funded by the public sector e.g. South Gauteng High Court project, Norwood Police hostels project, etc. as a result procurement method chosen for a particular project, particularly the public renovation projects, is ought to be expected to play a significant role in minimizing the cost and
LITERATURE REVIEW India's Public Distribution System (PDS) is the biggest circulation system of on the planet. PDS was presented around World War II as a war-time bolster measure. Before the 1960s,it was significantly reliant on imports of grains. It was investigated in the 1960s due to the expanding nourishment lack poblem, keeping in view which, the administration set up the Agriculture Prices Commission and the Food Corporation of India to enhance the capacity of sustenance grains for PDS.
politicians and the public have noted environmental and, therefore social problems which may be addressed, in part at least by identifying, measuring valuing the interaction between business and environment. This has not been a situation in past, and the review which follows the ebb and flow and changing fortunes of various activities within the overall field of social and environmental accounting. It is important that we do not lose the current momentum because this field of study must lead to action
In the third quarter of 2012, Grant Thornton SA conducted a study on how crime affected business and reported that 49% of private businesses had been disrupted by crime in a period of 12 months (Grant Thornton 2012). There are many different types of crime that occur in South Africa every day. Employees and business
administration in Malaysia. The topics to be discussed are the concept of istisna’ briefly, its relation to the present contract in practice such as PWD 203A, the difference between the present contract practice with istisna’ contract and lastly a case study with regard to istisna’ contract that are applied by firms in Malaysia. 2.0 CONCEPT OF ISTISNA’ The word istisna' is derived from the word sana'a which literally means "making, manufacturing or constructing something”. According to Ibn Manzur,
Need for the study Biomedical waste word is applied to waste generated during the diagnosis, treatment or immunization of human beings or animals or in the production or testing of biologicals1. Biomedical waste has been categorized as general waste, pathological waste, radioactive waste, chemical waste, infectious waste, sharps and pharmaceutical waste16. In country like India, where there is big and complex health care system, varied economy, private and Government hospitals working together, while
project and these projects must be procured and managed thus making the concept of procurement and project management inevitable in the construction industry. This paper will begin by briefly introducing the reader to the construction industry and try to find and give appropriate definition for the industry. This paper identifies and explain the relevant area of professional practice such as construction project and procurement management in the context of the construction industry to a reader who is unfamiliar
(“D-needs”) in that their lack of satisfaction causes a deficiency that motivates people to meet these needs. The top level of the pyramid is considered growth needs. The highest level is self-actualization, or the self-fulfillment. Behavior in this case is not driven or motivated by deficiencies but rather one’s desire for personal growth and the need to become all the things that a person is capable of becoming.