Plessy V. Ferguson Thesis

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The Civil War led to the freedom of millions of black slaves. The Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery and began a new fight. This caused whites to feel uneasy, because they were unsure how this would treat the economy. Most of them thought the agricultural industry would go down tremendously because the African Americans were the main laborers in the fields and working the animals. The black codes, which were laws created to try and “force freedman back to the plantations”, caused the Civil Rights to be created (American Promise 427). The 14th Amendment, also known as The Civil Rights, guaranteed recent ex-slaves freedom and protection of their civil liberties. It clearly stated in section 1, “...nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property” (14th Amendment 16). The right for equal protection of the law…show more content…
Ferguson was a court case that "upheld the legality of racial segregation" (American Promise 586). Plessy, an African American guy from Louisiana, attempted to sit on the "white" railway carriage. After refusing to sit in the black carriage, Plessy was arrested for violating an 1890 Louisiana statute that provided for segregated “separate but equal” railroad accommodations. Those using facilities not specified for their race were considered a crime. The Supreme Court did not see a problem with separating people by race as long as they were "..."equal" to those provided for whites" (American Promise 587). These were the Jim Crow laws. These laws were the reason the Plessy v. Ferguson court case was in the spotlight at the time. Blacks were segregated in separate schools, restrooms, and other facilities. These facilities were rarely ever equal. The Fourteenth Amendment may have made everyone equal, "...but in the nature of things it could not have been intended to abolish distinctions based upon color" (Separate but Equal 19). It was left to question if the "statute of Louisiana was a reasonable regulation" (Separate but Equal

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