The Civil Rights Movement 0101-317-001 Reflection on “The Road to Brown”
In 1892, Homer Plessy was jailed after violating Louisiana segregation laws by sitting in the first class section of the East Louisiana Railroad. Although Plessy appeared to be white, he identified himself as Black and refused to move to the “colored” cart. After bringing the case to court and being convicted of violating Louisiana Law, Plessy took the case to the Supreme Court. He argued that the separate railroad carts were in clear violation of the Fourteenth Amendment. Although the law was on Plessy’s side, the Supreme Court ruled that in the case of Plessy vs. Ferguson the Fourteenth Amendment did not apply. This led to the 1896 Supreme…show more content… Canada. Similar to the Murray case, Lloyd Gaines was denied admittance to the University of Missouri because he was Black. After denying the Universities offer of paying for out of state tuition, Gaines took the case to the Supreme Court. Houston argued that Gaines had to either be allowed admittance to the University of Missouri or a new school for Blacks had to be created that was equal to white schools. The Supreme Court ruled in Gaines favor and decided that Gaines either had to be allowed admittance or a new and equal school had to be created. This ruling made towards separate and equal schools as well as a move towards the integration of schools. This was also yet another step towards ending segregation in the educational system that occurred in Brown vs. Board of Education.
. 1946 Sweatt vs. Painter- Just as in the Murray and Gaines cases, Herman Sweatt was denied admittance to the University of Texas Law School because of his race. This case challenged separate but equal. The Supreme Court ruled that Sweatt had to be admitted to the University of Texas Law School on the basis that the law school that was to be opened for Black students would not be equal to the University of TLS due to faculty courses, facilities, opportunities, separation of law students, and