Marxism In China

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Government policy is one of the main influential components of its citizens’ quality of life, “The hopes and aspirations of people and individuals regarding their economic and political freedoms and opportunities, are tied closely to how economic and political systems are performing” (Kinely 147). The main ideological force of politics in China in the past century has been communism. Since the influence of soviet politics, the great leap forward, the cultural revolution, and to present day China, the Communist Party of China has been at the forefront of all their government. They have used the idea of collectivism and a strong centralized government to advance the Chinese nation as one of the top manufacturing countries and economic powerhouses.…show more content…
Based on the ideology and goal for communism in China, they have been a political force that has influenced 20th century of China and continues to drive the modern political and social landscape of China. Their policy was laid out in their party rules at the Eighth Party Congress in September 1956. The basis of these rules reflected the Marxist and Leninist values of the Soviet Union with a blend of Maoist policy that made communism in China unique (Schurmann 118-9). This integrated the Soviet model of socialism into conditions that were specific to China. There was an emphasis on the urgency of revolution that must take place in order to achieve the goals of the nation. The previous attempt of Leninism to covert Asia to communism in the 1920’s had ultimately failed due to the strong sense of nationalism and ethnocentric ideals in China that were not reflected in his ideas of running the state (Brandt, 1-5). The soviet brand of communism did not register with China due to the belief that communism should be spread to all…show more content…
During the years of 1965 and 1968 full communistic policy was implemented in China. A revolution took place in China, purging and punishing all who disagreed with Mao or got in the way of the goal for a classless society. This movement of the CPC led by Mao suppressed individual rights and freedoms. All teachers, writers, politicians, and other professionals could no longer voice their opinion unless it was positive or in favour of communism. There was also an extreme presence of indoctrination of youth through the Red Guard, a program in which Chinese children were encouraged to fight for the revolution and lead the movement. This program got so out of control that schools had to be shut down, therefore the revolution interfered with the education of children. These children grew up in an age of propaganda which led to enormous damage to the education system that has taken decades to repair. By the end of the three years, Mao had eradicated the Liberals in China had ended the Cultural Revolution when in October 1968, Lui Shao-chi, the leader of the opposition, was expelled from the party (The History Learning

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