Maize Production In Agriculture

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Maize (Zea mays) is one of the important Kharif crops and largely distributed in the world. It ranks first in world production (868 million tons from 168 million hectares) followed by wheat (691 million tons) and rice (461 million tons). This represents 38% of the total grain production as compared to 30 % for wheat and 20% for rice. Globally maize occupies the fifth largest position in area and sixth position in production, contributing to 2.4% of world production with almost 5% share in world harvested area. In Indian Agriculture maize holds a major position. Among the cereal crops in India, maize ranks third in production as its annual production is around 21 million tonnes and its covering 8.5 million hectares. In the year 2012-13, maize…show more content…
Evidences suggested that corn cultivation arose through natural crossings, firstly with gamagrass to yield teosinte and then back¬crossing of teosinte to primitive maize to produce modern races. Scientists believed that about 7000 years ago people living in central Mexico developed corn which was a loose-podded variety, looked like the seed head at the top of wheat stalks and the kernels were small and each covered by a hull. From Mexico, maize spreaded north to the South-western United. When Indian people migrated north to the eastern woodlands of present day North America about 1000 years ago they brought corn with them. When Columbus "discovered" America, he also discovered corn. Central and South American people became so depend on corn or maize that they devised some of the earliest calendars just to keep track of their corn planting and harvesting schedules. Thomas Kingsford was credited for the inventor of corn starch in the 1840s. Corn starch was mainly used for laundry and industrial uses till…show more content…
The demand for starches arises largely from the paper, textile, construction and pharmaceutical industries. Food sector is one of the potential sector which is largely untapped due to legal restriction regarding the use of modified starches which results in low rate growing in food sector. The demand for corn starch is not much high due to lack of knowledge among the people about the uses of starch, result in lack of interest in manufacturing it and also result in exacerbated by high prices. Due to lack of storage facilities in India results in waste of maize in huge quantity during harvest season. Prolonged pricing volatility due to volatile raw material supply, the competitive demand for bio-energy and the link between agricultural raw material prices and oil prices will negatively affect starch choices by end-users and consequently reduce the growth of the starch industry. Kellogg banked heavily on the quality of its crispy flakes because flakes became soggy when it is put into the hot milk and with cold milk it did not taste good because the sugar did not dissolve easily in cold milk. A major reason for Kellogg's failure in India was the taste of its products which did not suit Indian breakfast

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