John Marshall Research Paper

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A collective number of documents have been aimed at describing the ways in which Chief Justice John Marshall's rulings got precedents established for national Supremacy over states’ rights. However; in many cases, the roles of the Supreme Court and Congress were defined and provided the constitutional foundation for the economic growth of the United States. Therefore; the main focus of the courts’ decisions were to centralize the authority of the Supreme Court. “When a law is in its nature a contract, when absolute rights have vested under that contract, a repeal of the law cannot divest those rights. The people can act only by their agents and, within the powers conferred upon them, their acts must be considered as the acts of the people.”…show more content…
On September 28, 1820, Thomas Jefferson wrote a letter to William Charles Jarvis due to the decisions set aside from Jeffersonians Republicans. “They have, with others, the same passions for party, for power, and the privilege of their corps. Their maxim is “boni judicis est ampliare jurisdictionem,” and their power the more dangerous as they are in office for life, and not responsible, as the other functionaries are, to the elective control. The Constitution has erected no such single tribunal, knowing that to whatever hands confided, with the corruptions of time and party, its members would become despots... When the legislative or executive junctionaries act unconstitutionally, they are responsible to the people in their elective capacity.” (Document…show more content…
In the case of Dartmouth College v Woodward and Marbury v Madison, federal power was defined and groundwork for economic growth had been set. Marshall's Court established the Supreme Court's ability to overrule the Congress, the President, the state governments, and lower courts through the Marbury v Madison case. Since the U.S. Constitution did not ratify certain powers among the federal and state governments, decisions were turned over to the judicial branch for unresolved resolutions. When John Adams was president, his Secretary of State did not deliver documents to commission William Marbury as Justice of the Peace in the District of Columbia. As a result, Thomas Jefferson was sworn in as president to stop the members of the political party from taking office, and Marbury sued James Madison for not letting him deliver his documents. The Marbury V Madison decision then resulted in establishing the concept of judicial review. “The authority therefore, given to the supreme court, by the act establishing the judicial courts of the United States, to issue writs of mandamus to public officers, appears not to be warranted by the constitution; and it becomes necessary to inquire whether a jurisdiction so conferred can be exercised... Certainly all those who have framed written constitutions contemplate them as forming the fundamental and

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