Jack London Research Paper

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For dozens of years Jack London’s use of naturalism has wowed readers all across America because of his vast understanding of nature and the wild. London mainly uses the cold and harshness of nature to display the wild’s power and dominance over man. While his naturalism is featured in books such as The Iron Heel and The Sea-Wolf, it is best displayed in his novels White Fang and The Call of the Wild which both feature the cold and harshness of the Yukon. By taking a closer look at these two stories, Jack London’s naturalism is best shown in the theme, point of view, and the setting. First, London uses the theme in The Call of the Wild to display the transformation of dog to wolf. The book shows the main character, Buck, a half Scotch shepherd, half St. Bernard dog, getting…show more content…
In White Fang, London uses third person limited omniscient point of view to best display the shift of character focus in the story. The story begins with two humans, Hank and Bill, on their sled fighting wolves and the freezing cold. The story then shifts focus to Kiche, White Fang's mother, showing her struggles to fight against famine and the wild. Then the story eventually ends up following White Fang using his point of view to show the brutality of nature and the transition from a wild wolf to a tame dog. In The Call of the Wild, London also uses third person limited omniscient point of view to at times show the reader a very vague look at life with and away from Buck. This is practiced in the beginning of the story where the reader is pulled away from Buck and the main story to inform the reader of the gold rush and the other happenings in the world outside of Buck. This is also experienced at the end of the story when Buck is seen in his place in the wild from a removed point of view that allows the reader to admire what is happening without interrupting the scene.

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