Importance Of Finishing In Finishing

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Learning Outcome  Explain classification of fabric finishes  Explain meaning and advantages of fabric finishes. Finishing is a series of processing operations applied to a textile material to improve it’s appearance, handle and functional properties. Finishing is the last stage of fabric processing. It covers a wide range of processes which make an unattractive fabric turn into an attractive one. Finishing properties are carried out to improve the natural properties or attractiveness of the fabric and to increase its serviceability. It is possible to carry out finishing at different stages of textile production. Thus, a fibre, yarn, fabric or garment can be subjected to the finishing process, though most efficient results are obtained at…show more content…
Basic finishes 2. Functional finishes 1. Basic Finishes Basic or common finishes are applied to almost all the fabrics, with an aim to improve their appearance, feel and body. Pale white cotton fabrics may be bleached to improve their whiteness. For better look of a thin cotton fabric, starch is applied to increase its weight and shine. Steam Ironing, Calendaring (industrial ironing) is a basic finish. These are also known as aesthetic finishes. The basic finishes are further classified into two classes: A. Finishes that appeal to the eye B. Finishes that appeal to the touch A. Finishes that appeal to the…show more content…
Singeing burns off lint, threads, fuzz and fibre ends and leave an even surface before the fabric passes through other finishing processes or a printing operation. Singeing is designed to burn off the surface fibres from the fabric to produce smoothness. The fabric passes over brushes to raise the fibres, and then passes over a plate heated by gas flames. (ii) Bleaching: Bleaching process can be defined as; the destruction of natural colouring matter from the textile materials in order to achieve a clean white end product. Bleaching can be done in the yarn stage as well as in the constructed fabric. Suitable bleaching agents are used to remove the colour from the fabric namely oxidizing or reducing bleaches. Bleaching is done for the cotton, woolen and silk. Man-made fabrics do not need bleaching, as they are naturally white. The kind of chemical to be used depends upon the kind of textile fibre of which the fabric is

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