How Successful Was The Puritan Settlement In Early England

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In early 17th century England, the Anglican Church, also known as the Protestant Church, controlled government as well as religion. Not everyone approved of the manner in which the country was governed. Of those, were the Puritans and the Separatists who wanted to either reform the church or establish a new one. They did not feel that their efforts would be enough to influence England into their ideas, so they decided to take their fervent beliefs to the New World. In September 1620 aboard the Mayflower and the Speedwell, 102 passengers set sail for the New World. The Speedwell was later abandoned because of leaks. They arrived in hopes of establishing the New Reformed Church, a separate entity from the Church of England. The Puritans came too, but wanted to remain a part of the Church of England, rather than establishing a…show more content…
At the time, the small settlement was called “Trimountaine” after its three mountains of which only traces remain today. In September 1630, it was renamed “Boston” after a prominent Puritan settler. The area is located between Massachusetts Bay and Charles River. The moving of so many people became known as The Great Migration, which took place mainly from 1620 to 1640. Many Puritans moved from Massachusetts to the islands of the West Indies, especially the sugar plantations of Barbados. They came in family groups so that they could freely practice their religion. In the 1630’s and 40’s, a group of Massachusetts Puritans were still unhappy about the religious outlook. With permission of the Massachusetts government, they moved to Connecticut. There was a dispute about ownership of the land. The government appointed Roger Ludlow to mediate the dispute. Ludlow, along with eight other men, wrote the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut. The Orders were the first western-type constitution. This is why Connecticut is called “The Constitution

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