Gothic Cathedral

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14. The Gothic Cathedral developed in northern Europe in 11th, 12th and 13th centuries. Compare and contrast the Gothic Cathedral in England and France using at least two examples from England (for example Salisbury Cathedral, Winchester Cathedral, Lincoln Cathedral and Ely Cathedral) and at least two examples from France (for example Chartres cathedral, Notre Dame de Paris, Amiens Cathedral and Bourges Cathedral). Examine site, planning, structure, material, decoration and religious context in your analysis. The true significance of Gothic Cathedrals can be perceived only if one does not neglect the unexpectedness of the course of the history. The art term ‘Gothic’ was the affirmation for the spirit of the modernity which kept revitalizing…show more content…
From OXFORD Advanced Learner’s Dictionary , Gothic Cathedral is defined as architecture applied for religious contexts in a style common in Western Europe from the 12th to the 16th centuries, noted for its pointed arches, tall thin pillars, elaborate decoration, etc. This definition is quite general for those who aiming at researching the field deeply . Back to 17th century, after the periods of Gothic beginning and spreading, it was defined as "congestions of heavy dark melancholic and monkish tiles without any just proportion, use or beauty," hence Vasari's dismissive term Gothic, literally meaning the product of uncivilized tribal barbarians . This essay is aiming at telling the similarities and differences of Gothic Cathedrals between England and France by analyzing the aspects of siting, planning, structure, material, decoration details and religious backgrounds. Various examples of cathedrals are used here for supporting the arguments including two main examples in France, Chartres cathedral and Soissons cathedral, another two from England, Lincoln cathedral and Winchester

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