The discussion on effect of fiscal decentralization on public sectors like education and health is not new. The goals of thousand years of development reflect to improve the education and health both, which have very dynamic effect on the life’s quality. The better health and education make sure the greater economic chances for the individuals while benefits of the state occurring at the same time by the best human power then. Even so as human wants increase then resources of the public sector become
This shift towards New Federalism promoted the transfer of power from the federal government to state or local government. “Nixon viewed his federalism strategy as a means of improving and strengthening government, especially at the state and local levels” (Federalism Reform, 12). His New Federalism led the nation on a more conservative course where government, state and local agencies had a balance of power.
(i) Cooperative Federalism: Platform for Interface between the Centre and States: The most important responsibility of NITI Aayog related to promoting is “…cooperative federalism through structured support initiatives and mechanisms with the States on a continuous basis”. The legislative domains and functional responsibilities of the union and states are democrated by the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution of India in terms of union, state and concurrent subjects. However, there are overlaps in
The idea of a unified Europe is not new, it started long before even laying the foundation of the European Union. The first one to state this was an Austrian-Japanese politician Richard Nicolaus von Coudenhove-Kalergi in his manifesto “Paneuropa”, back in 1923. He presented an idea of a unified Europe leading the first European unification movement with the help of Otto von Habsburg. He held the position of founding president of the Paneuropean Union for 49 years. Afterwards, Winston Churchill postulated
units of government. Governments must have some decentralization of its operations in the interests of both democracy and efficiency. Most countries rely heavily upon sub-central government to deliver services to citizens. It makes no sense, for example, to have bureaucrats in the capital city deciding when to close park gates in some distant town, or what books to buy for the local library. These are local services, and it makes sense to put them in the hands of local people who are affected by
order to discuss the extent to which the proponents of intergovernmentalism have “won” the argument, we must consider that supranational traits exist within the European Union, and the debate may be more relevantly described as whether the EU is an example of supranational intergovernmentalism or intergovernmental supranationalism! Debate- key