Cooperative Federalism Analysis

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(i) Cooperative Federalism: Platform for Interface between the Centre and States: The most important responsibility of NITI Aayog related to promoting is “…cooperative federalism through structured support initiatives and mechanisms with the States on a continuous basis”. The legislative domains and functional responsibilities of the union and states are democrated by the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution of India in terms of union, state and concurrent subjects. However, there are overlaps in the functions which require coordination between the union and the states and among the states inter se. Carrying out a stable and sustainable developmental agenda mandates fostering the spirit of cooperation and cementing the federal structure.…show more content…
There may be some public services in the State List, which, for reasons of nationwide externalities or for redistribution require coordinated action to ensure minimum standards throughout the country. The examples include healthcare, urban development and poverty alleviation. In these cases, the state governments are the partners in achieving a common goal . In order to enable NITI Aayog to play a constructive role in fostering cooperation, it is necessary to place the Inter- State Council, properly empowered under Article 263 of the Constitution, in the Aayog. This institution should be the nodal agency for negotiation, discussion, bargaining and resolution of all major issues. It should have the required expertise on intergovernmental relations, fiscal federalism and constitutional law. (ii) Strategic Planning: One of the major tasks assigned to Niti Aayog is strategic planning at both macro and sectoral levels. Perspective planning helps them to make projections on the macro variables and keep the policy perspective in view. The strategy and policies that are required to improve the standard of living of the projected population and also improve human development to empower the people to productively engage themselves in economic activities over a long-term horizon are important. These should be constantly revisited to ensure their relevance.…show more content…
It could be indicative planning to provide satisfactory levels of social and physical infrastructure for meeting the growing needs of the economy, with the roles of public and private sectors clearly defined. Grass-roots planning incudes building up of the plan right from the village level based on the resource envelop, with each higher level aggregating the plans and adding the investment requirements for the category. In other words, the planning should be built right from the village, block and district levels and these should be harmonised with planning at the state level. Similarly, national planning should be the consolidation of state-level plans along with the planning infrastructure and service requirements for the country as a whole worked out at the union level. NITI can provide a framework for preparing the plans to the states and the latter, in turn, to the lower levels of government. It should also have a unit to advise and guide if any state is in need of such assistance. (iii) Innovation and Knowledge

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