Essay On Potato Production

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Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) belongs to Solanaceae family is one of the most important vegetable crops in the world and in terms of human consumption came in the fourth grade after wheat, rice,and corn. It is rich in carbohydrate, nutrients and amino acids. Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is a major food crop in many countries where it plays an important role as a staple food in the Mediterranean Basin countries, ranking fourth among the world's various agricultural products in production volume, following wheat, rice and corn (Fabeiro et al. 2001). In Egypt, the amount of land allocated for potato production represents about 20% of the total cultivated area (Kabeil et al. 2008a). Potato farming was introduced to Egypt during the 1800s, and large scale cultivation began…show more content…
Increased yield in reclaimed soil is primarily due to a reduction in most common diseases, especially Brown Rot disease, which negatively affects potato production in the Nile Delta and Nile Valley (Kabeil et al. 2008b). Gorden (2001) reported that using drip irrigation systems in irrigation potato plants increased water use efficiency and improved vegetative growth and yield of potato plants. Water is the most important limiting factor for potato production and it is possible to increase production levels by well-scheduled irrigation programs throughout the growing season (Boujelben 2001). Bao-Zhong et al. (2003) reported that potato is one of the sensitive crops to water stress , and soil moisture is one of the important factors affecting the yield and quality of the tubers and he has been used different amounts of irrigation water, which are 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1.0 and 1.25 times of evapotranspiration and got an increase in plant height , water content of the leaves , total number of tubers , average tuber weight , total and marketable yield

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