Essay On Conscientiousness

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Conscientiousness Barrick and Mount (1991) mentioned that conscientious individuals have been characterized as dependable, responsible, hard-working, self-disciplined, persistent, planful and organized. Similarly with Costa and McCrae (1992) which mentioned that conscientious people value duty, competence, self-discipline and achievement. Besides, Costa and McCrae (1992) also mentioned that conscientiousness consist of the specifics traits of competence, order, dutifulness, achievement striving, self-discipline and deliberation. Based on Mount and Barrick (1995), individuals high in conscientiousness are characterized as being responsible, careful, preserving, orderly, cautious, planful, hardworking and achievement-oriented. As stated by Wright (2003), people high in…show more content…
Manning et. al (2006) stated that conscientious is about the number of goals that an individual pursues and the extend which they pursue them in a focused way. The two extremes are spontaneous individual, who pursues many goals but in an unfocused way and the Conscientiousness individual, who pursues fewer goals but does so in a more focused, controlled and structured way. Neuroticism Neuroticism is always related to the characteristics of people who have negative affect and low in self-esteem. According to Watson and Clark (1984) negative affect is defined by a propensity to view the world in a negative emotional state. Similarly with Levin and Stokes (1989), this mentioned that individuals high in negative affect tend to focus on the negative aspects of other people and themselves. George (1996) also stated the same view which individuals high in negative affectivity, a concept related to the neuroticism are likely to be more pessimistic, taking a negative view of themselves and the world around them. While Brockner (1988) mentioned that persons low in self-esteem and
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