Enzyme Technology Research Paper

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Module F06FB08 Hi, I am Dr.R.Nirmaladevi, Assistant Professor in the Department of Biochemistry, Biotechnology & Bioinformatics, Avinashilingam Institute for Home Science and Higher Education for Women, Coimbatore. You have chosen to do the lesson on Enzyme technology –Introduction and Production of enzymes This module would focus on enzyme technology which deals with the enzymes, the metabolic catalysts and their use in various Industries. The introductory part outlines the concepts in enzyme technology as part of Biotechnology. Briefly, it describes the methods involved in the large scale production of enzymes through fermentation process. The Objectives set for this module is To gain knowledge about enzyme technology and production of…show more content…
The study of industrial enzymes and their uses is called enzyme technology. The goal of enzyme technology is to design innovative products and processes that are not only competitive but also meet the criteria of sustainability. Proteins are the metabolic end products of gene expression and they characterize different organisms. They may be either structural or functional proteins. Enzymes are the functional proteins which catalyse biochemical reactions required for the survival and reproduction of the living organisms. In some cases, biocatalysts may be nucleic acid in nature as exemplified by ribozymes. Enzymes display a number of remarkable properties especially when compared with other types of catalyst. The most important ones…show more content…
Enzymes oxidize ethanol to acetic acid. This reaction has been used in vinegar production for thousands of years. Similar microbial enzyme reactions of acid forming bacteria and yeasts are responsible for aroma production in bread making. Presently more than 2000 different enzymes have been isolated and characterized. More than 75% of industrial enzymes are hydrolases in their nature. Enzyme stabilization is one of the most important properties in basic and applied enzymology. In basic enzymology, it is of particular reference to understand enzyme stabilization principles first elucidating how and why the enzymes lose their biological activity and then deriving structure-stability relationships existing in enzymes. In applied enzymology, the most significant goal is to achieve useful compounds by biocatalysis. Enzymes are good catalysts in terms of efficiency, specificity and regulation and are also more versatile in nature with the ability to function under mild conditions. However, they are not always ideal catalysts for practical applications because they are generally unstable and they inactivate rapidly through several mechanisms. In order to enhance enzyme stability, many strategies have been pursued in recent years. The advantages and disadvantages of using enzymes are directly related to their

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