Environmental Effects On Climate Change

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The Earth is experiencing an adverse global climate change. The scientific evidence comes from direct measurements and is very clear. Within the scientific community, there is no debate. Climate change is happening now, and it is already displacing millions around the globe. Experts have proven that the dynamic changes we are seeing are not due to solar activity, volcanoes, or other natural phenomena. They are due to pollution. Moreover, the rapid change in the climate of the past century is human-induced. Extensive scientific Data shows the warming of the climate system is unequivocal and has already had observable effects on the environment. Fortunately, some countries and organizations have taken actions to address the problem.…show more content…
While weather variability and extremes have consistently existed, the science demonstrates that extreme weather patterns such as floods, heat waves, storms, wildfires, hurricanes, precipitation, winds, volcanos, and droughts are becoming more frequent and intense. On the other hand, The climate-change deniers say that the planet has been here for over 4.6 billion years, while humans have been for 100,000 only. Further, they perceive the earth as a precisely calibrated and self-regulating machine. Their premise is that the earth has undergone some major changes without humans. Starting from earthquakes, volcanos, plate tectonics, continental drift, solar flares, sunspots, magnetic storms, the magnetic reversal of the poles, million years of bombardment by comets and asteroids and meteors, worldwide floods, tidal waves, erosion, cosmic rays, to a recurring ice age. These deniers conclude that the climate change is just a continuation of natural cycles that had occurred over the life span of earth. Most climatologists will agree on this, but they will append that these shifts happened millions of years before humans appeared. Most had occurred before even primitive mammals existed. Thus, life, ocean chemistry, and atmospheric gasses had millions of years to adjust to those variations. However, with this quick change to the nature of the earth that is happening right now,…show more content…
Some international organizations and countries have taken some actions to curb and control this phenomenon. A scientific meeting called "Avoiding Dangerous Climate Change" was held in Britain in 2005. Two hundred scientists from around the world discussed the problem. Some of the scientists suggested that the worst effects of climate change could be prevented if the rise of the global temperature could be kept at less than 2°C (3.6°F). With this intention, in December 2015, 195 countries ratified the first-ever universal, legally binding global climate deal. These countries came to Paris to sign a historic agreement (The Paris Agreement) to reduce their carbon emissions, with a long-term goal similar to what the scientists at the 2005 meeting have suggested. It requires all parties to come together every five years to report regularly on their emissions and their implementation efforts (UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, 2016 ). Another approach some European countries applied is using eco-taxes or green taxes, to raise money for green policies or steer people's behavior in more environmentally-friendly direction. One of the most used ones is Carbon tax. It is a cost levied on the carbon content of fuels, a form of carbon pricing. This fee, as observed in countries like Sweden and Finland, has helped to reduce Co2 emissions, stimulate the economy and innovations, and create millions of

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