Energy In The Philippines Essay

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The Philippines has a complex energy system owing to its archipelagic structure. Major power grids are separated based on the country's three major islands: Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. More than half of the capacity of Luzon grid is from coal-fired power plants. Geothermal resources on the other hand, support the Visayas grid. Mindanao's energy grid is sourced from hydro power. Meanwhile, small islands are tapped to these major power grids to provide energy to remote areas. Small power generating plants are likewise established to serve as an extra source of power (NGCP, 2011). The country’s electricity generating capacity is about 16 GW in 2010 and is projected to increase to 58 GW by 2035. In terms of electrification rate, the country is at 68% electrification at the household level while 99.89% in terms or district/barangay level (NSO, 2010). The country has very limited energy sources. Its total energy supply in 2010 is about 39.6 Mtoe; which is expected to grow at an annual rate of 3%, or up to 83 Mtoe, over the next 25 years. The Philippines cannot supply for its fuel needs, hence heavy reliance on imports. More than half of the country’s energy supply comes from renewable energy…show more content…
Similarly, the government encouraged the adoption of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and compressed natural gas (CNG) in transport vehicles. Currently, public vehicles in the Philippines such as taxis are required to convert to liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). Meanwhile, electricity powered vehicles are now being introduced in the country. The transport sector composed of tricycles, jeepneys and buses, is the main contributor of carbon emissions in the country. Hence, switching to more energy-efficient vehicles is a way to reduce consumption of energy imports as well as reduce carbon

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