Environmental Impact Of Aviation

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Aviation over the years has increased tremendously. The increase in flight has brought about growing concerns on its effects on the environment with regards to climate change. The aviation industry is quite diverse. Aviation is a critical part of our national economy, providing for the movement of people and goods throughout the world, enabling our economic growth. Air transport is one of the world’s most important industries. “Its development and its technical and service achievements make it one of the greatest contributors to the advancement of modern society” (Air Transport Action Group 2005). This research is focused on looking at the environmental impacts of aviation. This will include what is known about community noise impacts, air…show more content…
They found that over the past 220 years flight machines have changed from the Wright brothers achieved powered airplane in 1903. They found in a report made by the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), 2008) that the number of international number of international tourist arrivals, comprising both leisure and business travellers using all means of transport was 25 million in 1950, increasing to about 900 million in 2007. Annual growth in international tourist arrivals is now more than twice the total number of international arrivals up to 1950, that is more than 50 million per year. While the share of international tourists arriving by air in 1950 is unknown, though it can be assumed to be low, it is now more than 40 per cent. The UNWTO (2008) went on further in their report which billion in the period 2005–2020, that is in less than 15 years. An increasing share of these will arrive by air (UNWTO-UNEP-WMO, 2008). Stefan and Paul highlighted another report to show the relationship of increased airline travel and climate change. They spoke about temperature increases all over the globe with 11 of the 12 years in the period 1995-2006 being ranked the warmest since the beginning of the recording of global surface temperatures in…show more content…
The study was about ways to minimize aviation noise and emissions that was mandated by the United States Congress in the Vision 100–Century of Aviation Reauthorization Act (H.R. 2115, Public Law 108-176, Section 321). In their study they investigated the relationship between aviation and the environment, including what is known about community noise impacts, air quality impacts and climate change impacts. Further in their second study they reviewed numerous articles on these issues and found that aviation operations below 3,000 feet contribute 0.4% mono-nitrogen oxides (NOx). Their third study looked at the effects on climate change due to the increased air travel. They highlighted that aircraft emit chemical species and other physical effects that scientists believe affects climate change. Ian, Jessica, Joel, Edward, & Jack (December 2004). Aviation and the environment: A National Vision Statement, Framework for Goals and Recommended Actions, gave information in their report that the progress on noise reduction has slowed, with estimates suggesting that millions of people are adversely affected by these side effects of aviation. In another study they looked at noise. Ian, Jessica, Joel, Edward, & Jack (December 2004). Aviation and the environment: A National Vision Statement, Framework

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