Apollo 11 Research Paper

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“That’s one small step for man, a giant step for mankind” - Neil Armstrong. Those very famous words were uttered by Neil Armstrong while he was on the moon. Neil’s moonwalk came after a lot of preparation, politics, and testing. Apollo 11 was the first mission to land on the moon and was also the fifth manned mission of the Apollo program. After the astronauts finished the mission they came splashing down to earth in the Pacific Ocean on July 24, 1969. Based on the rocket design they used, the only part of the original shuttle to come back and land was the command module (Point). The Apollo 11 mission was a great step for science and politics that has continued to impact people’s lives for years. On the political end of things, President…show more content…
Lead by James R. McDivitt, the ten-day long mission was just an overall testing for the equipment and crew for the moon landing. McDivitt and his crew, David R. Scott, command module pilot, and Russell L. “Rusty” Schweickart, lunar module pilot, were successful in their mission (Apollo 9). The final test before the landing was the Apollo 10 mission. Lead by Thomas Stafford, the mission was one last test to make sure all the equipment for the landing would work in a lunar setting. Stafford and his crew, John W. Young, command module pilot, and Eugene A. Cernan, lunar module pilot were successful in their mission showing that all the technology was ready for the landing (Apollo 10). After all the testing, the NASA administration had to choose the mission crew. For spacecraft commander, they chose Neil Armstrong. He was born in Wapakoneta Ohio on August 5, 1930, and started his career as a naval aviator in 1949. Later in 1955 he joined NACA (now known as NASA). After joining NACA, he spent 17 years as an engineer, test pilot, astronaut and administrator for NACA/NASA. He gained full astronaut status in 1962. After his famed walk on the moon, he was not only decorated by 17 countries, he continued his successful career becoming a Professor of Aerospace at the University of Cincinnati in 1971. He later became chairman of computing technologies for aviation in Charlottesville, Virginia and served on the national commission of space…show more content…
It was composed of three main parts. First the Command module which contained the cabin for three-man crew and was the only part that landed back on earth. The Service module supported the command module with propulsion, electric power, oxygen, and water. Lastly, the Lunar module which landed on the moon (Point). On July 16, 1969, at 9:32 a.m., after the spacecraft had been constructed, it was ready to be launched. Leaving from pad A launch complex 39 at the Kennedy space center, it was launched by a 363 feet tall Saturn V rocket (Launch). Four days later, on July 20, 1969, they landed on the moon in the sea of tranquility. After Neil and Buzz took their first steps on the moon, they remained there for 21.5 hours and collected 47.5lbs of lunar material (Point). Those first steps on the moon still impact the lives of people around the world and was a huge step for science and politics. With President Kennedy’s push to land on the moon before the end of the decade, the United States won the space race beating out the Russians. A lot of missions and testing went on before the final mission to ensure the success of the mission. All three astronauts went on to become successful citizens. Lastly, many scientific advances were and continue to be

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