Absolutism In King Louis Xiv

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Absolutism Absolutism vitiated the power and status of European nobility from the period of 1650 to 1750, directly seen in countries such as France under the rule of King Louis XIV and Russia under the rule of Peter the Great. Coming into authority in 1643, resentful of the Fronde of his childhood, Louis XIV ruled as an absolute monarch. Successfully moving the nobility from Paris to Versailles, Louis XIV was able to escape the consequences of his political corruption. As king, Louis XIV brought newly ennobled intendants to government positions as a way to avoid any conflict with the French nobility. These French nobility remained exempt from taxes until Louis’s reign ended due to his death on September 1, 1715. Much like Louis XIV, Peter the Great changed the lives of the nobility in his attempts…show more content…
During his childhood, an event addressed as The Fronde took place. The Fronde was a revolution directed against Cardinal Mazarin and was led by the nobility and parlements of France. For the entire span of his reign, Louis XIV had avoided the calling of the Estates General. The revolting parlements demanded the right to pronounce certain edicts unconstitutional and also demanded the calling of the Estates General. The frondeurs were successful in their attempts to overthrow Mazarin, as he and his family were outlawed and forced out of Paris to live in impecuniosity in Saint-German. The frondeurs initial intention was to only overthrow Mazarin to obtain self-benefits. As a result of the lack of organization, their efforts failed. Eventually, the royal court was restored along with Cardinal Mazarin. However, Louis XIV would never forget the mortifying treatment of nobility he witnessed take place as a child. In 1661, Louis XIV claimed his rule as an absolute monarch after the death of Cardinal Mazarin. Supported by the divine right of kings theory by Bishop Bousset, Louis XIV could not be questioned in his
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