14th Amendment Research Paper

1353 Words6 Pages
The fourteenth amendment of the constitution states “All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside.” The 14 Amendment was made to give citizenship to the African-American and not to Indians. The Supreme Court’s interpretation of the Constitution meant that Indian tribes are “domestic dependent nations,” so; Indians were tribal citizens, not American citizens. Throughout American history the Natives of America faced many years adjusting to their new neighbors, but the years following Americas colonization the relationship between the some colonists and Indians got a little bit rockier. During the creation of the America we…show more content…
Many tribes went peacefully while others were forced to go. 4(In 1838 and 1839, as part of Andrew Jackson's Indian removal policy, the Cherokee nation was forced to give up its lands east of the Mississippi River and to migrate to an area in present-day Oklahoma. The Cherokee people called this journey the "Trail of Tears," because of its devastating effects. The migrants faced hunger, disease, and exhaustion on the forced march. Over 4,000 out of 15,000 of the Cherokees died.) Indians were not the only ones who were being relocated European Americans and African American freedmen and slaves also participated in the Indian relocation. Daniel Sabin Butrick was a minister and Cherokee defender. He was most known for being an A.B.C.F.M missionary to the Cherokee Nation, 1817-1851. In his journal of experiences during the Trail of Tears he says 5(The Indians, slaves, and white members of the Cherokee nation were rounded up into “concentration camps where they were kept as “pigs in a sty”.) He goes on to describe the other things that he saw on the trip like death, disease and hardship. This shows that the civil rights that should have been given to the people on the trail were not there and how some people were treated during this time…show more content…
This bill was also known as the Indian bill of rights that did what it said. Previous Supreme Court cases like Cherokee vs. Georgia and Worcester v. Georgia helped shape this bill during its creation. The bill applies to the Indian tribes of the United States and makes many, but not all, of the guarantees of the Bill of Rights applicable within the tribes. What this bill basically does is This Further extended federal laws onto reservations, limiting Indian self-government and Extended the American constitutional protection to Indian lands. 6(One of the largest reasons for change was in 1896 the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Bob Talton, a white man convicted of murdering a Cherokee on Cherokee reservation land, could not invoke the Fifth Amendment.) This is bad because the Fifth Amendment includes certain protections to criminals. This disconnect changed the way the government interacted with Indians. This bill improved many Indians lives because they were know given rights that protect the American public every

More about 14th Amendment Research Paper

Open Document