Two Perspectives In Psychology

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The Perspectives in Psychology There are two perspectives in psychology. I will first introduce them and explain how each perspective approaches the subject of depression, then state which I find more convincing in my opinion. The first perspective is the psychoanalytic perspective, which was founded by Sigmund Freud. He began to develop the theory at the end of 19th century during the Victorian era in Austria. The psychoanalytic perspective is a very comprehensive theory and it strives to explain many aspects of human functioning. Including personality, thoughts, behavior, drives, impulses, mental health and illness, dreams, and the list goes on and on. As a theory, its emphasis on childhood conflicts, relationship…show more content…
The ID according to him, this personality structure is fully unconscious meaning that the ID affects our personality and the ways that we are not even aware of. The ID demands immediate gratification, by gaining pleasure, avoiding pain, and reducing tension. What Freud refers to as the “Pleasure Principle”, Freud also proposed as this the only personality structure present at birth. When an infant wakes up hungry in the middle of the night, and infants demand immediate gratification with no consideration about his or her tired mother. The superego is also mostly unconscious and similar to the little angel on another shoulder, telling you to take the moral high road due to well of others, the superego is similar to what we refer to as conscience, operating on the moral principle, that leads us to never do or think or feel no wrong, but when we do something wrong, where we give in to the demands of ID, the superego insures that we feel guilty. The ego is similar to the person who tries to satisfy both the ID and the superego, the ego is the mostly conscious of the three, and it operates on the reality principle, which is balancing the demands of ID and superego. The ego is essentially our conscious self or who we perceive ourselves to actually…show more content…
The focus of this perspective is the brain. Basically, our brain and nerves are responsible for our thoughts, feelings, and actions that we do. For example, when we get hungry we remember our favorite food, we remember its smell and its taste, and if the food is there we would want to take a bite and eat the food. Two biological systems that affect our behavior are our nervous system and our endocrine system. The nervous system is basically an interconnected network of nerve cells called neurons that allow us to sense the things that are going on around you so you can react, the brain tells you that you are hungry, but the nervous system tells your brain when you see food, and it even helps digest the food. The endocrine system includes our hormones producing glands and helps our body to turn the food into energy. Ideas, emotions, and behaviors are only small portion of our understanding of biological causes of mental illnesses and genetic roots of disorder, but our understanding is growing more as more researches are done. The neuroplasticity is brain’s ability to reorganize in response to damaged and new experiences. For example if you are blind, your other senses become stronger, there are actually a change in your brain that goes along with the shift in

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