The Three Periods Of Reconstruction: Reconstruction And Redemption
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Reconstruction and Redemption
After the end of the Civil War, almost everything has been destroyed. Political upheaval, economic decay, social order unstable. Thousands of people in the south starved to death, and many who fortunately survived lost everything they have. Therefore starts the impossible task of Reconstruction. The three main point of Reconstruction: recover the Union, southern society transformation, and make a progressive legislation free the rights of slaves.
Generally, the Reconstruction drew up democratic state constitutions, built up the first state-funded school, former slaves have more rights in common life, made a new system between slaves and farmers like sharecropping (Digital History, 2015). However, some have another…show more content… The first period was the slave went free, this is obvious to understand. After the end of Civil War, as federal armies invaded and occupied the Confederacy, hundreds of thousands of slaves became free workers. The new contract between landholders and former slaves was signed. In the Mississippi valley, occupied federal troops announced a new labor code which required landholders provide food, housing, and medical care (James, 417). In 1865, a bill passed by Congress to build the Bureau of Refugees, which also called Freedmen’s Bureau. It provides food, clothing. Besides, Congress also authorized to divide some confiscated land for freedmen to…show more content… The Republicans focused on three areas: education, civil rights, and economic development. Around half of Mississippi’s and South Carolina’s children could go to school by 1875. For people long forbidden to learn to read and write, literacy symbolized freedom (James, 429). Besides, Republicans state some laws to defended civil rights, the owners of railroad will be fined or jailed if they push the blacks into smoking cars or force them to the lower decks. The freedom slaves not only represents in education, state legislations, rights in public, but also the success in the political area. The 13th amendment formed outlawed slavery in any form and immediately emancipated all those in bondage following the Civil War. The 14th Amendment granted citizenship to anyone born or naturalized in U.S, regardless color or race. The 15th Amendment was the most remarkable which free the former slaves’ rights in politics. It extended voting rights to all except women. These made former slaves have rights and power to vote. All these benefits are tangible and remarkable which component to the second parts “stood a brief moment in the