The Pros And Cons Of Reconstruction

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Reconstruction is the time period after the Civil War, where the country attempted to improve the Union. There were many successes, but what also comes along with success is failure. During the reconstruction many failures were present; such as lack of racial equality and racism towards blacks, the economy was not prospering in the south, and a tense relationship between the North and the South. This created a very intense and challenging period of time for the Union. In the period of reconstruction, there was a lack of racial equality and racism towards blacks. The 13th amendment abolished slavery, with the exception of allowing the punishment for a crime (Thirteenth amendment 4-7). Although it abolished slavery, there was still a lack of…show more content…
During the reconstruction, sharecropping became the economic system, due to the lack of education in the black society. Sharecropping, also known as tenant farming, was an agreement between a rich white landowner and a tenant, who was usually a former slave. The landowner would allow the tenant to use a small portion of his land, in exchange for a part of the harvest, that would be used as rent. The tenant would be compensated annually from the sale of his crops, which would not be sufficient to cover basic expenses for the year. The tenant would then be forced to seek store credits at high interest rates to support himself and his family, not allowing an opportunity for a prosperous life (Beson…show more content…
An example would be when Johnson allowed ex confederate leaders to be pardoned, which allowed them to gain power in the south. This would later cause problems, such as the creation of the black codes. When southern states passed the black codes in 1866, the north was enraged, because the black codes were basically equivalent to the slave codes. Both, the slave codes and the black codes, were laws that determined the status of blacks and restricted their freedom. In 1866, northern voters declined Johnson’s policies, and Republicans in Congress took a strict hold of Reconstruction in the South. Congress passed the reconstruction act of 1867, over Johnson’s veto. It divided the southern states into five military districts and it also required southern states to uphold the 14th amendment. This caused outrage in the south because the southerners felt they were being “babysat” by the union (“Reconstruction”

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