Testicular Cancer Case Study

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CHAPTER 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND 1.1. Introduction Testicular cancer is one of the rare types of cancer that can secrete tumor markers or molecules that can be detected in the blood. There are three common tumor markers for testicular cancer; namely, AFP (alpha-fetoprotein), hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin), and LDH (lactate dehydrogenase). According to Tobias and Hochhauser (2015), testicular tumors have a frequency of 2 per 100,000 males per year. It occurs in young men between the ages of 15 to 44 with 85% of it occurring in adolescents. Testicular tumors have 6.3 cases per 100,000 each year worldwide and about 95% of them are germ cell tumors. In another study by The American Cancer Society (2017), it was mentioned that the…show more content…
In addition, the specific objectives of this study are to: a. compare the results of the pregnancy test kits to that of patients already diagnosed with testicular tumor and b. determine the specificity and sensitivity of pregnancy test kits in detecting testicular tumors. 1.3. Significance of the Study The success of this research would benefit healthcare professionals, the general public, and men at risk of testicular tumors. This research would benefit men at risk of testicular tumors since it would help establish a cheaper and more convenient way in the initial screening of testicular tumors and in self-monitoring of patients who are already diagnosed with it. Thus, this study will help reduce the mortality rate through earlier diagnosis and constant monitoring. This research would also help healthcare professionals in determining what kind of testicular tumor is present based on the presence of hCG. Lastly, this research would also help educate the general public since this research would either prove or disprove claims that pregnancy test kits can be used as a reliable screening test for testicular…show more content…
This study does not include other types of tumors and patients who have underlying diseases. Urine samples will be collected from 50 male patients with testicular tumors that produce elevated levels of hCG. The selection of participants is only limited to male patients with ages ranging from 15 to 44 years old since studies show that this age group has the highest incidence rate of acquiring testicular tumors. The patients are from the University of Santo Tomas Hospital - Oncology Ward. In addition, the Medic brand will be the pregnancy kit used in this study because of its ability to detect hCG levels as low as 25 mIU/ml and its availability to the

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