Similarities Between Piaget And Vygotsky

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The process of teaching has been influenced by many factors over the years; philosophers, policies and psychological theories to name but a few. In this essay I will discuss and contrast the psychological theories of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky who have both contributed to classroom practice through their research into the cognitive development of children. Their theoretical perspectives shared some similarities in that both their approaches were child centred, both focused more on the process of how the child arrived at their answer instead of on the answer itself and both used qualitative methods in their research, such as observing children during the completion of challenges and interviewing them to discover their thought processes (Gray and MacBlain, 2012). However, they also differed on several aspects of children's cognitive learning styles and capabilities. Jean Piaget was ‘the central figure in cognitive development theory’ and his research ‘shaped the thinking of several generations of development…show more content…
The first phase is the sensorimotor phase which Piaget believed occurs from 0-2 years old. He stated that the child gained knowledge through their senses and movement such as sucking, grasping and shaking. Throughout this stage their actions progress from reflexive and random to discovering and understanding that their actions can produce another action, for example, they may accidentally kick the cot mobile which makes it move so they repeatedly kick it in order to cause the movement of the mobile which they enjoy. They also develop object permanence where they realise an object still exists and has not disappeared, even if it is hidden from view (Gray and MacBlain,

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