Santiago De Cuba Research Paper

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Brazil and Cuba were major contributors in the Atlantic slave. They imported hundreds of thousands of African slaves, and exported lots of necessitated crops such as sugar and coffee. Brazil received more slaves than any other country, region, or colony participating in the slave trade. From the beginning of the slave trade in 1561 to the abolishment of slavery in Brazil, an estimated four millions slaves had been disembarked in the Portuguese colony. Cuba, although not as much as Brazil, also received a large amount of slaves; approximately one million. Millions of slaves were embarked in Africa to be traded in the slave trade, but not all reached their destination. Nearly 15% of Africans died on the middle passage between the different…show more content…
Figure 3, displays the mortality rate by year from 1760 to 1856 in the two Cuban regions. About 25,000 slaves were embarked and transported to Santiago de Cuba, yet there was a high mortality rate of 12.5 percent. On the other hand, Havana received 289,077 slaves out of the 334,417 that were originally embarked, while the morality rate remained at only a 10.9 percent. Santiago de Cuba is closer in direct distance to Africa than Havana. Most embarkations regions are further than Havana than to Santiago de Cuba. Figure 9, compares the mortality rate of slaves that traveled from each port in Africa to Santiago de Cuba and Havana. As the graph demonstrates, the mortality rate ranges depending on what port the voyage began. I some ports, the mortality rate was higher when traveling to Havana, while others were higher when traveling to Santiago de Cuba. The highest mortality rate was from Southeast Africa Indian Ocean Islands to the Havana, at about 23%. The lowest mortality rate is from the Bight of Benin in Africa to Santiago de Cuba, about 7%. Yet, the overall mortality rate was much higher for the African slaves that were shipped to Santiago de Cuba, than those shipped to

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