Problem Of Evil Analysis

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There are three propositions regarding the nature of God that stem the Problem of Evil: God is omnipotent, God is omnibenevolent, and there is evil. However, many philosophers, including J. L. Mackie and H. J. McCloskey, believe these three propositions are logically inconsistent and therefore cannot all be true at the same time. For a statement to be logically consistent, all aspects of the statement must be completely true and not contradict each other. But with the Problem of Evil, if any of the two statements are true, the third must be false because good is opposed to evil and an omnipotent being has unlimited power. Essentially, if God were all-knowing and all-powerful, He would know about the evil and suffering happening in the world…show more content…
The most plausible out of the proposed solutions is that evil is due to human freewill. On this view, freedom is a second order good, one that is so valued by God that God will not intervene with the exercise of it even to promote second order goods. First order evils are necessary for second order goods, unless there is pain and suffering, there is no need for benevolence. Essentially, the idea is that second order evils are the sole responsibility of humans, or freewill. However, as Mackie objects, this solution either denies God’s omnipotence or omnibenevolence. The assumption that second order evils are necessary for freedom seems mistaken, because God could have created us so that we always freely choose good. If the human will is free, can God still control it If not, then God is not omnipotent in the original sense, because there is something God cannot do. If so, then either God is not omnibenevolent, or freedom is so important that God stays out of the lives of humans. However, another contradiction arises: If God stays out of human’s lives, this contradicts the belief that God helps us avoid temptation and sin, that God answers prayer and that God helps hose who help

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