Pax Romana Research Paper

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The Roman Empire's Military Augustus, as the Imperator (commander-in-chief), stabilized Rome by halting the expansion of the Empire, securing its borders and started building public projects such as the Pantheon. By securing and stabilizing its borders, Rome started the Pax Romana (Roman Peace) that lasted over 200 years. Pax Romana did not necessarily mean peace for the empire itself, but rather, peace within the Empire. The threat of the rampaging legions were solved as they were placed away from the city of Rome, to control the borders. Fellow Romans no longer fought with each other, conspiracies were never created and each Emperors following one another fought with one violently. The Pax Romana lasted from 27 BC up to AD 180, when Commodus…show more content…
Mostly composed of highly skilled men, the praetorian guard influenced Rome's political structure and eventually usurped power over the span to the point that they were pivotal in politics (Bingham). Without the support of the Praetorian Guard, a newly elected emperor would never last in their reign and with the support of the praetorian guard, an Emperor like Tiberius Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus, would surely thrive. With the praetorian guards support, he was able to work with the Senate and became one of the emperors who advocated for expanding the Roman territories, and eventually acquired Britain in A.D 43, along with present-day northern Algeria/Morocco (Rodgers). In other extreme cases, the praetorian guards murdered Pertinax, the current Emperor of Rome in A.D 193 and announced to the world that the throne to become an Emperor was open for auction and whoever bids the most, wins. During that year, Didius Juliuanus, a senator, purchased the throne to become an Emperor and was later only supported by the Praetorian guard and the public masses despised his rule. Julius was then beheaded after a Roman general, Septimius Severus, arrival at Rome with the desertion of Praetorian Guard. The Praetorian Guard was then invited by Septimus Severus to a peaceful ceremony in a large field without weapons. Tricked by Septimus…show more content…
This conflict were between the plebeians, common people, and the patricians who had power from their ancestors, the Roman nobles. The plebeians, consisting average citizens, farmers and artisans, were tired of the ruling class and decided to threatened the Council of Elders (senate) by seceding from the state and abandon Rome. This was very important because the plebeians were the source of the Roman army, and without them, the Roman military would be weak. The senate was forced to give the plebeians tribunes, which defended the peoples' interest in the Republic. The tribunes then created a special Assembly of the Plebs to co-exist with the current Senate (Rodgers). After given all these privileges by the Senate and tribunes, it was still evident that the patrician was superior in power. The patricians were able to interpret laws which gains them the advantage of passing legal decisions. The plebeians, however, grew dissatisfied with this and put social pressure by requesting to write the unwritten laws so the plebeians would be able to foresee the decisions made by the patricians. The senate then created the decemvirs, which composed of 10 men, to write down the law as requested. Although it took two years for the law to be written and displayed throughout Rome, it became the foundation for the Roman citizens to abide it. The Twelve Tables did

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