Occupational Therapy Practice Framework

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The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health(ICF) is a World Health Organization(WHO) framework that understood and recognized by the international. The function of ICF is the classification of health and health-related domains ("International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF)", 2018). There is another framework which known as Occupational Therapy Practice Framework (OTPF) is established by occupational therapists due to the ICF framework only focused on impairment of the person and not included the area of occupation as well as how the intervention can be done in the therapy sessions. Therefore, the OTPF third edition acts as the reference and used by all the occupational therapy practitioners.…show more content…
Motor skills are the skill that we use our body structure for meaningful movement. For instance, the client tries to transport a glass of milk from kitchen to the table. Process skills include choosing the appropriate materials, inquiring the question and others are the skills that can be observed when the person carrying out the task. Next, social interaction skills are the skill that we used to interact with others in public. An example is the occupational therapy practitioner will examine and investigate how the autism children expressing their emotion. Performance patterns such as habits, routines, roles and rituals are the important component in determining the activities performance. Habits are the practices that we used to and difficult to give it up like turn on the alarm clock before sleeping. Routines are the step of actions that we do every day whereas the role is the responsibility of the person like role as the mother, student and so on. Rituals are symbolic action with spiritual, cultural or social meaning (Willard & Schell, 2014). In addition, occupational performance can also be influenced by the environmental and contextual factors. The environment refers to the physical and social setting which occupation occurs whereas the context refers…show more content…
The evaluation process involves the occupational profile and analysis of the occupational performance. The occupational profile is the information about the client’s demography, need, interest and others. This data can be collected through interview and conversation so that we can have the better understanding in client’s viewpoint and background. In the analysis of occupational performance, the client’s concern and barrier are more specifically identified through the assessment tools (Willard & Schell, 2014). The intervention process is the cooperation between therapist and client and there are three important parts in the intervention process which are intervention plan, intervention implementation and intervention review. The Intervention plan includes setting the goal and time frame to complete the therapy activities which based on client’s occupational needs. For the intervention implementation, it is the process of changing the intervention plan into action. In this stage, we will focus one of the specific areas in the domain and start the occupational therapy intervention which is therapeutic use of activities, preparatory methods and tasks, education and training, advocacy as well as group intervention (Willard & Schell, 2014). Then, intervention review is a non-stop process of revaluating

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