Mental Illness And Recidivism

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Mental illness has been described by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA, 2010), as an individual who currently has or has had a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder within the past year. The individual would also meet the diagnostic criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). It has been suggested that inadequate care received by mentally ill offenders as well as the effects of imprisonment is a cause for the failure of rehabilitation, recidivism, and offender reentry (Adams & Ferrandino, 2008). However, others claim that there is no relationship between mental illness and recidivism. (Brandt, 2012). According to Swanson (2001), between 20 %

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