There are three main motivation theories such as:
• Maslow’s hierarchy of needs.
• McClelland’s theory of needs.
• B.F. Skinner’s reinforcement theory.
Firstly I am going to explain the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, secondly McClelland’s theory of need, thirdly B.F. Skinner’s reinforcement theory and finally I will give my TO that explains the motivation theory.
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs
In Maslow’s hierarchy of needs there are 5 stages of needs. For example: 1st, Biological and Physiological needs such as: food, air, sleep. Basically it is something we cannot live without. 2nd, Safety needs; like to feel yourself safe, 3rd, Social needs; for instance friendship, family, love. 4th, Esteem needs; for example, status, achievement,…show more content… They are;
• Achievement- the person whose dominant motivator is achievement; like to calculate the risks in order to achieve their goals, they also like to get feedback on their achievements, but they usually work alone.
• Affiliation- everyone who is influence under affiliation motivator; does not like to take risks, they usually like to fit to the group and will go along with whatever the group wants to do.
• Power- people whose dominant motivator is power; are like to win arguments, desire to control and influence others.
McClelland noted that people whose dominant motivator is power are divided into two groups;
Institutional power and personal power. People with institutional power are team players, they think what is the companies goal meanwhile people with personal power drive wants to control other people. Now yu understand that people with institutional power drive are wanted as team members. These motivating drives are mostly depends on individuals life style and…show more content… In this case employees are working around 4 to 6 hours usually from 9:30 to 3:30, this schedule allows to do some stuff before 9:30 and after 3:30 http://www.humankinetics.com/excerpts/excerpts/recreation-managers-can-use-rewards-to-improve-employee-motivation-retention My TO for 3(c) is Tesco. One of the largest supermarkets in the UK. There are many rewarding systems in the Tesco but I am going to explain only four of them. 1st Share our Success: Tesco uses 3 schemes.
1. Share our success- employees will get some of the shares of the business after finishing the first year of service at the end of the year.
2. Save as you earn- employees have a chance to save up to 50 pounds for 3 to 5 years after completing one year of service. The money can be used whenever the employee wants.
3. Buy as you earn- employees may consider buying shares at market price which will help them save tax and on insurance.
2nd Staff privilege card: which will give the employees discount up to 10% and points and Tesco products.
3rd Pension: this reward will give financial protection for the family.
4th Leisure time: with this reward any member of the Tesco can get special offers or a very good discount on tickets to the park, and a gym