Importance Of Islamic Banking

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Abstract An Islamic bank is an institution that offers only Shariah compliance product which attracts not only Muslim citizen but also Non-Muslim citizen. This motivates us to undertake to examine relative stability of Islamic bank in Malaysia that becoming more and more popular. Z-score are used as proxy for bank stability and a standard panel data analysis was constructed consisting several variables which suggest to be the factor affecting bank stability. Aware of all the constraints and challenges in collecting information, we decided to limit the scope of our study by only focusing on local Islamic Banks that are available in Sarawak. The sample data consist of five local Islamic banks and we evaluate the significance with the bank stability…show more content…
The Islamic banking act provided power to Bank Negara Malaysia in regulating and supervising the Islamic Banks in Malaysia which mainly operated under interest-free banking scheme. In March 1993, Bank Negara Malaysia also allows a conventional banking to have Islamic banking services in their existing operations and infrastructure which is called “Islamic Windows”. In October 1999, the second Islamic Bank is established that is Bank Muamalat Malaysia Berhad and new Islamic bank licenses were issued to Islamic finanicial institutions in 2004. As the result, at the end of 2004, there were 29 Islamic financial institutions established in Malaysia which offers a full range of Islamic banking products and services.Islamic banking has becoming one of the most demanding institutions in today’s modern era. Practiced in more than 50 countries in the world which are not only limited to Islamic countries, Islamic banking has become one of the most wanted institutions with an expected growth rate of 15% per…show more content…
In this study, we refer the external determinants to macroeconomics variables that is Gross domestic products(GDP) . Whereas Real gross domestic products (GDP) will measure the total economic activity in one country and according to Bekaert et al., (2007), they says that real (GDP) growth rate have significantly positive effect on banking system and equity markets. Therefore in this research, we include specifically GDP per capita as an indicator and we expect that economic growth has a positive impact on bank stability. 8.1 Variable of interest The variable of interest in this study is bank stability. To identify the level of stability of the Islamic bank in Sarawak, we will employ Z-score (dependent variable) as the main indicator for measuring bank liquidity. A Z-score is a statistical measurement of a score’s relationship to the mean in group of scores. A Z-score of 0 means the score is the same as the mean. A Z-score can also be positive or negative indicating whether it is above or below the mean and by how many standard deviations. It is used to measure risk that is recommended by many researches in the field that are directly relates to bank insolvency or bank stability. Z-score represents the number of standards deviations by which the returns on assets have to decrease in order to incur a loss

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