Health Belief Model

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confirmed that students who excelled in academics were less likely to resort to smoking than students who did not perform well in their academics. (Tyas and Pederson, 1998) (Pederson and Koval, 1997) In addition, smokers chose friends who are also smokers with low academic grades which reinforced their behavior. This association was strongest among adolescents from Europe. (Piko and Luszczynska, 2005) The influence of religion on the onset of smoking among adolescents was observed by a study conducted in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia is ranked third worldwide in youth smoking according to the Global Youth Tobacco Survey. This cross-sectional study conducted in Saudi Arabia in 2010 focused on the increase in uptake of smoking among adolescents.…show more content…
Half of these chronic smokers eventually die. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2008) This behavior is based on theoretical health behavior models such as Health Belief Model, Theory of Reasoned Action and Social Cognitive Theory. (Halpern-Felsher and Biehl, 2004) The Health Belief model (HBM) is a good predictor for smoking behavior and helps us understand the individual differences in prevention of smoking among adolescents. A study conducted in Iran has been discussed in depth, which described the association of the HBM with smoking among male secondary school students. The study population consisted of 382 pre-college male students of Isfahan, Iran. (Reisi and Javadzade, 2014) The HBM consists of the following components: Perceived Susceptibility: It is the smokers perceived risk of developing health conditions due to smoking such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer, etc. The study reported that students who received prior smoking education had an increased perceived susceptibility to health conditions caused by smoking, than students who did not receive smoking

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