Esophageal Cancer Paper

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Esophageal cancer is the eighth most common cancer in the world. It is a highly lethal malignancy that has a very small survival rate. According to Maureen Haggerty and Kevin O. Hwang, over 12000 people die from this ailment yearly. There are several types of esophageal cancer, which include sarcoma, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), adenoma, melanoma, and lymphoma. This type of cancer is not usually caught early. The five year survival rate is five percent. Symptoms of this cancer do not show up until late stages, and by then it is too late for full recovery. The most common symptoms of esophageal cancer is dysphagia. Dysphagia is usually the earliest sign, once dysphagia occurs and the patient has not gone to the doctor’s office the tumor continues to grow causing liquid to be unable to pass into the…show more content…
Dysphagia does not occur until the tumor has grown to block at least eighty percent of the esophagus (Massey, 2011). Risk factors of esophageal cancer include: obesity, diet low in fruits and vegetables, smoking, alcohol, and gastroesophageal reflux disease. Males tend to be more at risk than the female population. (Haggerty & Hwang, 2015). A study by Pamela Ginex showed evidence that out of 218 people who have esophageal cancer that participated in the study, 184 were male, and only 34 were female. The most common age group among those diagnosed with this malignancy was between sixty and seventy-four years old (Ginex et al., 2013). Once the cancer has been caught there are few options to help with the process of recovery. Chemotherapy, radiation, and a combination of both are non-invasive methods. An esophagectomy is the most common approach to treatment of those with esophageal cancer; however it has complications of its own and does not normally give the patient a cure. An esophagectomy is more for palliative care than for curative care. An esophagectomy is the removal of the portion of the gastrointestinal tract that connects the

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