Denisova Cave

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This paper will examine the archaeological significance and the importance in hominid evolution of Denisova Cave of the Altai Mountains of Siberia, Russia, a site which housed the fragmented ossein remains of the “Denisova Hominin”. This particular genus of Homo are thought to have lived nearly 40,000 years ago. Denisova Cave had been inhabited previously by Homo neanderthalensis, and would later be inhabited by modern Homo sapiens. It is hypothesized that Denisova Cave, and surrounding areas, may have been home to Neanderthals and modern Homo sapiens simultaneously. It is particularly interesting that the “Denisova Hominin”, through an examination of mitochondrial DNA, was proven to be distinguishable from mitochondrial DNA of both Neanderthals

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