CHAPTER ONE RESEARCH DESIGN 1.1 Introduction Food Security is one of the topical issues of the 21st century with discussions revolving around the quality and quantity of food as well as sustainability of food across the globe. At the center of these discussions are the poorest of countries in Africa, Asia and other parts of the world. In response to challenges for food security on the continent, the African Union, operating on the platform of the New Partnership for African Development (NEPAD)
Development and underdevelopment are two terms that have found common usage in Africa’ (Mwaura, 2005: 1). History and experience ‘have taught us that development is a complex process and that no one has all the answers’ (Mkandawire and Soludo, eds. 1998). Rodney (1972:3) states that development in human society is a many-sided process. At the level of the individual, it implies increased skill and capacity, greater freedom, creativity, selfdiscipline, responsibility, and material well-being’.