Chicago Fire Research Paper

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The Great Chicago Fire of 1871 Introduction The Chicago fire was a blaze of epic proportions. It consumed much of the city and took out all barriers of social class. Yet in the end the people of Chicago used the fire to build their strength and ban together. How it started The fire started on October eighth, 1871. The cause of the fire is still unproven, but a cow owned by the O’Leary family usually catches the blame. It is said that the cow knocked over a lantern and started a fire on a stack of hay. This fire quickly spread to all reaches of the barn. Where were the fire fighters? The watchman on duty spotted the fire and sounded the alarm, but he miscalculated the fires position by about a mile. This caused the exhausted firefighters…show more content…
Chicago’s summer for 1871 was supremely dry. The city didn’t receive more than an inch of rain within 100 days of the great fire. At the time of the fire, Chicago was completely made out of wood. This meant everything including houses, private mansions, businesses, and the sidewalks. This made sure the fire had a heck of a lot of fuel and a lot of ground to spread to. New fire department Chicago had just received a new fire department. They were asking the city for some new gear like fire hydrants, new hoses, new trucks and deeper water wells, they were also asking for more men to be firefighters. They were also asking the city that a home inspector department be formed so that they could check the houses and businesses for any safety errors and violations, and to help people correct them. The day before The 185 firefighters had just got done battling a fire for 17 hours. This fire started Saturday, October 7th and the firefighters weren’t able to rest until Sunday morning. This fire burned four blocks of the…show more content…
As the heat of the fire increased so did the temperature of the air, thus forcing cooler air down. This air is then super-heated and begins to swirl around and create what was called, “the fiercest tornado of wind ever known to blow here, ” by former mayor William Ogden . The regular winds were about 30 miles per hour, however, these winds blew fast enough to throw flaming shrapnel everywhere. One of these shrapnel pieces flew across the Chicago River and landed on a kerosene tank on the North Side. This residential, wood-constructed North Side was doomed by that. The flames had gotten so hot that they were able to melt iron and steel. Steel melts at 2,500°F. Iron melts at 2,800°F. its flames had gotten so hot that the following events transpired: trees exploded, rampant horses swung wildly, dogs ran around in circles, rats fled only to be trampled by stampeding humans, and pigeons were sucked into the flames. The prison was unlocked to allow the criminals a chance to survive. Much of Chicago’s population found themselves near or in the lake to escape the heat and

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