Bloodborne pathogens are microorganisms that present in human blood and they can cause diseases. These pathogens include: – Viruses such as hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), also, parasites such as malaria and certain fungi. Sharp-tools, needle-sticks and other apparatus-related injuries may expose stuff to bloodborne pathogens. To eliminate the risk of occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens, implement an exposure control plan for workers on their worksite with enough details on protection measure. The plan must also describe how a worker will use personal protective, work practice controls, clothing and equipment, employee training, medical surveillance, hepatitis B vaccinations,…show more content… Key facts about the HBV include; it is an inflammation of the liver caused by virus that can lead to chronic liver disease, liver cancer, and death. The symptoms of HBV include: fatigue, Jaundice, abdominal pain, intermittent nausea & vomiting and loss of appetite. An important fact of HBV that can survive outside the body for at least 1 week in dried blood on surfaces such as sharp metal such, a knife, tools, broken glass or on a work table. For this reason, it’s necessary to properly disinfect and clean contaminated tools and…show more content… Which of the following ways of exposure that worker needs to beware of them:
• Contacting with a co-worker who suffers from a bleeding injury, such as a cut, abrasion, or amputation.
• Contacting with blood while administering first aid, such as when applying pressure to a wound or wrapping an injury and healthcare providers at emergency room are most vulnerable group.
• Touching a contaminated surface, such as a tool, table or control panel, this has been contacted with infected blood.
• Being allocated to tidy up blood or bodily fluids after an injury.
• Contacting with contaminated equipment or product in restrooms.
• Using or touching an object covered in dried blood.
Who are at biggest risk?
There are certain jobs or occupations that have a higher risk of acquiring or getting a bloodborne disease due to the way bloodborne pathogens are transmitted. Those with the highest risk of exposure include pathologists, hematology laboratory personnel, biochemistry and dialysis staff. Also, there are a moderate risk of getting a bloodborne disease includes laboratory personnel, hospital nurses, and those who work with the dentists and developmentally handicapped. And, those who are at low level of the risk include hospital administrative staff, dental and medical students, and healthy