Advantages Of Quadcopter

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5.2 Component overview: There are a few basic components that every quad-copter must have to function. These are the control board (Arduino Uno in our case), the electronic speed controllers, multiple sensors, the motors and propellers, the power supply and the frame. The following block diagram illustrates the overall system of quadcopter. 5.1.1 Arduino Uno The Arduino uno is a microcontroller board based on the ATmega328. It has 14 digital input/output pins (of which 6 can be used as PWM outputs), 6 analog inputs, a 16MHz ceramic resonator, a USB connection, a power jack, an ICSP header and a reset button. It contains everything needed to support the microcontroller; simply connect it to a computer with a USB cable or power it with an…show more content…
These types of motors have serious disadvantages. The first is that they have a very short lifespan. This lifespan was further shortened by techniques used to shorten their weight. Weight was saved by ignoring limited power to the motor which would severely curtail its lifespan. The motors would slowly wear out and not offer the thrust it was once capable. This would cause the other motors to have to cut back on thrust to compensate for the bad motor, and as a result the motors would only be as good as weaker one. The other disadvantage is that because brushed motors are designed to be driven at very high speed, a gearbox had to be used to apply the appropriate speed to the propeller. This would add additional weight and would offer another place for the vehicle to…show more content…
The issue with that configuration is the batteries need to be discharged at the exact same rate. If one cell performs slightly better than others and drains slower, the cell configuration becomes unbalanced, accumulating charge with each charge and discharge. This can result in the pack actually catching fire in addition to lowering performance on the unbalanced cells however with the computing system of the battery’s charge can be controlled. Nickel batteries need to be completely discharged often to their charging capacity because they develop memory or voltage depression characteristics. An easy way to assure the battery is fully discharge is to allow the UAV to continue running after the battery’s power has been depleted past flight capability. Contradictory, Li-Po packs cannot be discharged too mush. There is a cutoff point where the battery should not be used any more even though if there is a little energy left. To avoid the cells being discharged too much discharging rate should be kept in mind while operating. So in short Li-Po battery is best selection for this

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