Type 1 Diabetes Research Paper

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of hyperglycemia. Chronic inflammation of the filtering system in the kidneys causes glomerular lesions, basement membrane thickening, mesangial expansion and hyalinosis of arteries, all of which decrease the ability of the kidneys to filter toxic waste from the blood (Najafian). Catabolic Illness is a complication of untreated or poorly managed T1D. The term “catabolic illness” refers to diminished muscle mass and body fat. With untreated or poorly managed T1D, glucose is trapped in the bloodstream because insulin is not available or is insufficient. Without insulin, the body cannot utilize glucose and a different source of energy must be found. It is at this point that body fat becomes an energy source, and if diabetes continues to be untreated,…show more content…
The value of postprandial glucose is a reflection of the effectiveness of insulin after a meal, making it an important measurement for Type 1 diabetics. Studies have shown that foods create various postprandial glucose responses depending on the nutritional qualities, increasing the importance of diet in diabetes treatment and ongoing management. Certain foods have been pinpointed as major contributors to postprandial glucose, including antioxidants, fruits and vegetables, type of sugar, starch nature. Cooking and processing in addition to food form, fiber, alcohol and glycemic index of foods have also been shown to have an…show more content…
Nutrition professionals construct a diet focused on providing sufficient and appropriate energy, as well as macronutrients and micronutrients necessary for optimal glucose control (Goksen). The overall target of T1D treatment is to maintain quality of life, reduce symptoms and improve life maintenance. Secondary outcomes include preventing long-term complications and mortality. T1D is a very serious disease, and must be treated properly in order to maintain mental and physical health (Goksen). Nutrition is essential in the treatment of T1D because of its relation to metabolism of carbohydrate, protein and fat. Studies have shown that controlling the diet of patients with T1D significantly improves glucose control and prevents hyper and hypoglycemia (Goksen). Maintaining medical nutrition therapy (MNT) for T1D can be difficult due to the patient’s food preferences and limitations that come with restriction. The goal of MNT should be to maintain the patient’s pleasure in eating, therefore maintaining their

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