Utopia which is described considerably in The Republic. Knowledge accompanied by power, however, is only reserved for the higher ranking class of people which are the Guardians, and ultimately the Philosopher at the top. Unlike what Nietzsche describes as the pursuit for knowledge and power, a philosopher does not seek knowledge and power for his own benefit, it is acquired with an understanding that with power and power comes the tremendous responsibility to rule in a way which is fair, and helps raise
mathematics and rhetoric. It was at the age of 20 that Plato met Socrates and since then was mesmerized by him. So deep was his influence on him that he gave up the idea of becoming a poet. In 404 BC Athens witnessed an oligarchic revolution led by Plato’s relatives. Plato was very active at that time. But after the death of Critias, Charmides and the execution of Socrates, he left Athens and became a refugee.
In some of his writings he advocated a fairer deal for women. In his idealized Republic he foresees an upper class of ‘guardians’ among whom the chattel status of women is abolished (i.e. she is no longer owned by her husband) and in which women were to receive equal education to men. On the other hand, he ascribed the inferior status of women clearly to