The Importance Of Biological Diversity

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Biological resources provided by the Earth play essential role in economic and social development of the humans. Therefore, it is of great importance to acknowledge an enormous value of biological diversity both to present and future generations. However, ecosystems and species have never been under such threat as they are nowadays. Loss of species caused by human activities continues at an alarming rate (CBD, 2014). As a reaction to the seriousness of the problem, in November 1988 the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) brought together experts on biological diversity in order to create the Ad Hoc Working Group. The main task of the Group was “to explore the need for an international convention on biological diversity” (CBD, 2014).…show more content…
In June 1992 the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) (the Rio “Earth Summit”) was held in Rio de Janeiro. One of the main problems addressed in Agenda adopted by the governments on the Conference was conservation and management of resources for development (UNCED,…show more content…
4.1. Importance of Biodiversity As we can from the definition of the biological diversity given in the CBD, it encloses variety and variability of the life on Earth. Biodiversity is closely connected to differences within as well as between all the living organisms on the different levels of their organization – genetic, individual, species and ecosystem levels (ICMM, 2004). Biological diversity covers all the living organisms and genetic variety, broad and complex body of ecosystems and habitats as well as the processes that maintain the variety and at the same time result from it themselves (e.g. photosynthesis, fluxes of nutrients, pollination and etc.). Interaction between different types of species – plants, animals, fungi, microbes, etc – through different ecological processes leads to formation of ecosystems. The ecological processes are usually physical or chemical processes resulting from the interaction between different species

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