Summary: Should Colleges And Universities Use Title IX?
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Should Colleges and Universities use Title IX?
In “Women Win Big with Title IX” published by American History, journalist Allen Barra describes how women have more opportunities as a result of Title IX. Title XI is a law that was passed by Richard Nixon on June 23, 1972 and states that, “no person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under an education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance.” The public has mainly noticed the change in requirements colleges and universities have for athletes.
Over the past 40 years, progress has been made to improve equal treatment between sexes. The law requires all federally funded colleges or universities to provide equal opportunities to every individual, no matter their sex. Universities were forced to adjust their budgets and revise their athletic programs. In the past, the amount of women able to play collegiate sports was…show more content… In 1970 there were about 16,000 female intercollegiate athletes, and in 2014 there was about 200,000 female college athletes (Barra, 2015, p.20). Data has also shown that over time, women have contributed to the Olympic and American medal count. In some years, women earned more than half of the awards. Studies have also shown that woman’s sports have become more popular after Title IX was passed. The number of females playing sports has multiplied over and over again. Colleges had to evaluate their budgets in order to fit the participation quota between male and female athletics. Some schools cut men’s athletic reams that provided little revenue. In place of the men’s teams, women’s teams were formed. According to studies done by Barra, colleges spend about 80 percent of their athletic budget on football and basketball (Barra, 2015, p.20). Football and basketball are the top two sports that provide the most