Spartan Training Research Paper

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The process of Spartan training for boys called the Agoge Spartans have been depicted as very warrior like Sparta- fierce and brutal society is portayed in modern times "Training" The Spartan name for their system of physical, social, intellectual and moral education of the citizen. The agōgē was the rigorous education and training regimen mandated for all male Spartan citizens, except for the firstborn son in the ruling houses, Eurypontid and Agiad. The training involved learning stealth, cultivating loyalty to the Spartan group, military training, hunting, dancing, singing and social preparation. The word "agoge" meant in ancient Greek, rearing, but in this context generally meant leading, guidance or training. According to folklore, agoge…show more content…
Between 431 and 404 BC, Sparta was the principal enemy of Athens during the Peloponnesian War, from which it emerged victorious, though at great cost of lives lost. Sparta's defeat by Thebes in the Battle of Leuctra in 371 BC ended Sparta's prominent role in Greece. However, it maintained its political independence until the Roman conquest of Greece in 146 BC. It then underwent a long period of decline, especially in the Middle Ages, when many Spartans moved to live in Mystras. Modern Sparta is the capital of the Greek regional unit of Laconia and a center for the processing of goods such as citrus and…show more content…
Its inhabitants were classified as Spartiates, Mothakes, Perioikoi, and Helots . Spartiates underwent the rigorous agoge training and education regimen, and Spartan phalanges were widely considered to be among the best in battle. Spartan women enjoyed considerably more rights and equality to men than elsewhere in the classical world. Sparta was the subject of fascination in its own day, as well as in the West following the revival of classical learning. This love or admiration of Sparta is also known as Laconism or Laconophilia. At its peak around 500 BC the size of the city would have been some 20,000 – 35,000 free residents, plus numerous helots and perioikoi . At 40,000 – 50,000 it was one of the largest Greek cities; however, according to Thucydides, the population of Athens in 431 BC was 360,000 – 610,000, making it unlikely that Athens was smaller than Sparta in 5th century BC. Plutarch’s source reveals the different stages of the agoge and as a Greek historian this source is reliable however it was written many years after the Spartan society which is an issue in the reliability of the

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