a. The Western definition of history is that it is the information of what was while our own definition of history or kasaysayan is the story of an individual. Kasaysayan in our own definition, before Spanish colonization, means “to relate in detail” or “to explain”.
b. Bipartite is explained in the perspective of the Spaniards. There discussed pre-colonial and colonial period. It was said that before Spaniards came, Filipinos or the Indios in the Philippines were not yet civilized and that they needed to be taught about how to be one. During colonial period, they said that because of the Spanish colonization, Filipinos were well-benefited because of their arrival and the Filipinos were taught to be more civilized. It was also said that they had have better lives than before because of the presence of the Spanish people. Meanwhile in the tripartite view, it was written in the perspective of the Indios. There discussed the pre-colonial, colonial and post-colonial period. It was explained by Jaena that the Indios had already have their civilization even before the Spanish came. They had their own ways of living. When the Spanish came to the Philippines, Jaena felt that the Spaniards were just a hindrance to the progress of the way of living of the Indios. There started the unequal treatment of the Filipino people from the Spanish…show more content… He stated that Spain only served as a guide or a “mother” to the Philippines. At first, Spain responded to its responsibilities of being good and being a role model, in all ways, to its “daughter”. But as time went by, Spain had taken advantage of the “non-educated people” or some of the Indios and abused their power just so to satisfy their pleasures. From then on, Plaridel thought up of a “new social movement” which is similar to that of Jaena’s idea of