Persepolis Research Paper

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Apadana (Persepolis) The magnificent Persepolis (city of Persians), dating back to 550 BCE, is located in the northeast city of Shiraz in Iran and was known as the ceremonial capital of the Persian Empire. It was supposed to delineate and stress the royal power and their empire, which was the first greatest of its time. There were 4 capitals in their empire. The king, Dariush I, changed capitals based on weather conditions due to the fact that the weather would make the capitals impractical for governmental functions. The monumental construction of Persepolis took over 50 years and the result was multiple halls on an elevated platform, where every hall was intended for a specific purpose. Persepolis was a formal architecture piece, which…show more content…
The columns remind you of the ancient Greek and Romanian columns however, the ones in Persepolis are definitely more impressive and unique in the way they were designed. Each column had two capitals instead of one. The top capital was a massive sculpture of two heads of strong animals, either lions or bulls. The animals were connected together through their midsection. The animal head capitals kneeled at the top of the 20-meter columns, which gave the feeling of being powerless and small in front of the empires power, which is truly…show more content…
The hall had 2 main double-reversed entrance stairways, one on the north and one on the east. Each set of staircase included 111 steps, each of which 7meters long, 30 deep, and a short rise of 10 centimeters; possibly because the large number of civil officers, representatives of the empire, and commanders could walk the stairs with ease and altogether in order to get to the “Gate of all Nations”. This is also shown on the magnificent reliefs on the walls. The walls were made of traditional Persian method of mud-brick and stone slabs. The carvings on the walls each represented the Persian culture, an event, a tradition, or symbolizes a certain concept. The picture below, for instance, is a symbolic image (fighting bull and a lion) craved on a wall, which after archeologists referred them to Persians calendar, they figured out that the relief is representing the spring, stressing that Apadana (Persepolis) was the spring capital of Parse. Moreover, 23 various nations were carved into the wall beside the main stairway, which led to Apadana. Archeologists used the specification of each persons costume and gift carried in their hands, which were carved in detailed on the walls, to indicate where they are coming from. Armenians with wine in their hands, Bactrians with gifts of camels, Lydians with vase-like phials, and of course Persian soldiers are recognizable on the walls. All these spectacular reliefs on the

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