Operation Swan Case Study

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4.12.9 The Coast Guard Act of 1978:- The CG Acts also lists the Acts under which the ICG is empowered to discharge its duties. These include: the Passport (Entry into India) Act 1920; the Emigration Act 1922; the Registration of Foreigners Act 1939; the Foreigners Act 1946; the Merchant Shipping Act 1958; the Customs Act 1962; the Passports Act, 1967; the Foreign Exchange Regulation Act 1973; and the Territorial Waters, Continental Shelf, Exclusive Economic Zone, and Other Maritime Zone Act 1976. In March 1981, a MHA notification extended the provisions of the Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC) and the Indian Penal Code (IPC) over the EEZ. Further, in 1981 and 1982, the Regulation of Fishing by Foreign Vessels in the Maritime Zones of India Act…show more content…
India's western coast has been exposed to smuggling since independence. Gold, electronic merchandise and opiates were frequently carried all through the nation from different focuses along the Maharashtra and Gujarat coasts. Despite the fact that smuggling of such narcotics had brought about worries among policymakers and counter measures were attempted to avert them, it was strictly when the disclosure that the explosives utilized for the Mumbai serial impacts in 1993 were carried through these coasts that coordinated endeavours were made to secure this coast. Operation Swan was propelled in April 1993, in the prompt outcome of the Mumbai bomb blast. Its point was to avoid covert arrivals of stash and unlawful invasion along the Maharashtra and Gujarat coasts. Like Operation Tasha, Operation Swan was additionally in light of the idea of layered observation. Under the arrangement, while the Indian Navy and the Indian Coast Guard patrolled the high seas and the middle layer, a Joint Coastal Patrolling (JCP) group, involving staff from the state police, naval force, Indian coast guard, and traditions embraced the watching of shallow waters, rivers and channels, which had up to this point remained unmonitored. A casual layer containing fishermen was additionally included. The fishermen, who were chosen by the police, were assembled as the Sagar Rakshak Dal. These gatherings got trainning in seamanship from the Indian Coast Guard and Indian Navy. These…show more content…
In May 1999, Pakistani troops went too far of control (LoC) and possessed the hilly statures of Kargil in Jammu and Kashmir. A military reaction from India against Pakistan's animosity brought about a brief and restricted clash –the Kargil war. Taking after the war, GoI constituted the Kargil Review Committee (KRC) to think about the circumstances that had prompted the war. The committee was ordered to prescribe measures important to shield the security of the nation. In its report, the Kargil Review Committee prescribed an extensive updating of the nation's security framework. In light of the KRC report, GoI set up a Task Force on Border Management, with coastal security being a part of it. The Task Force's goal was to 'consider measures for fringe administration and, specifically, to consider the proposals of the KRC' . For securing India's drifts, the Task Force prescribed, bury alia, the raising of a 'specialist marine police as coastal police headquarters'; the reinforcing of the ICG by setting up 10 extra ICG stations along the coastline and the obtainment of 16 interceptor water crafts; the development of fisherman watch groups; the establishment of Vessel Traffic Monitory System(VTMS) in significant ports; the setting up of joint operation focuses (JOCs); and the foundation of 'a peak body for the administration of sea

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